Mishki-tomsk.ru

Мода и стиль
0 просмотров
Рейтинг статьи
1 звезда2 звезды3 звезды4 звезды5 звезд
Загрузка...

Ме 264 американ бомбер

Ме 264 американ бомбер

Разработка Me-264 началась еще до войны под обозначением Р.1061. В 1937-м на фирме "Мессершмитт" по заказу RLM приступили к созданию четырехдвигательного рекордного самолета с дальностью около 20000 км, который мог бы, в случае необходимости, использоваться для стратегической разведки.

С начала Второй мировой войны фирму полностью загрузили работами по истребителям Bf-109 и Bf-110, поэтому проектирование дальних разведчиков приостановили по указанию министерства. После начала программы "Америка-Бомбер" работы по самолету возобновились с учетом новых технических требований. Me-264 представлял собой цельнометаллическую конструкцию с чистыми аэродинамическими формами с круглым в сечении фюзеляжем и двухкилевым оперением. Рули отклонялись при помощи электроприводов. На задней кромке крыла большого удлинения располагались элероны и закрылки. Основной запас топлива размещался в крыльевых баках. Шасси — трехстоечное, на каждой стойке располагалось по одному колесу.

Вследствие изменения военной обстановки в начале 1942-го Э.Мильх, заместитель Г.Геринга, приказал сократить количество строившихся опытных машин Me-264 до трех, а в феврале разработку опытных машин хотели даже временно передать фирме "Дорнье". Однако мощности "Дорнье" были загружены до предела, поэтому вопрос о подключении к работам других фирм отпал сам собой

Работа над опытными самолетами началась в Ной-Оффине под Ульмом в 1941 г. Первый из них Me.264 V1 (RE+EN) был готов в конце 1942 г. По проекту самолет должен был донести до Нью-Йорка 1800-кг бомб. Бомбовый удар должен был совершаться с высоты недоступной истребителям. Оборонительного вооружения не предусматривалось, чтобы снизить воздушное сопротивление и вес конструкции до возможного минимума. Для ускорения работ Me 264 V1 был оснащен четырьмя двигателями "Юнкерса" Jumo 211J-1 жидкостного охлаждения в гондолах и с лобовыми радиаторами от Ju 88A-4. Двигатели развивали на взлете 1340 л.с. и 1060 л.с. Hа высоте 6000 м. Фюзеляж был типа монокок овального сечения и делился на три секции. Hосовая секция имела полетную палубу и большую площадь остекления. Центральная секция включала бомбоотсек, с проходом сверху, отсек для отдыха экипажа, проход в хвостовую часть. Хвостовая секция имела в конце позицию для наблюдателя. Однолонжеронное крыло имело довольно большую стреловидность по передней кромке и прямую заднюю кромку. Всю заднюю кромку занимали закрылки и элероны. Одноколесные стойки шасси убирались в сторону, в центроплан. Практически весь остальной объем крыла занимали протектированные баки общей емкостью 13800 л и еще 5800 л в непротектированных баках.

Первый полет состоялся в декабре 1942 г. Me 264 V1 был во всех отношениях, да и по проекту, лишь летающим испытательным стендом. Hо к тому времени США действительно вступили в войну, и в Техническом департаменте РЛМ окончательно сложилась концепция "америкабомбера". Было потребовано установить эффективное оборонительное вооружение и увеличить бомбовую нагрузку. Все эти требования можно было выполнить только использовав шесть двигателей. Как следствие "Фокке-Вульф" выступил с предложением Та 400, как развитие проекта Fw 300A, "Юнкерс" предложил Ju 390, а "Мессершмитт" — шестимоторный Me 264B. Технический департамент отдавал предпочтение Ju 390, имевшему хорошую совместимость по конструкции с Ju 290, уже выпускавшимся в Бернбурге, а "Мессершмитту" было предложено переделать второй и третий опытные машины в дальние морские разведчики.

Hеобходимые доработки задержали готовность Me 264 V2, хотя конструкционно он не отличался от предшественника. Требования Технического департамента появились только в марте 1943 г. Самолет должен был получить вместо Jumo 211J-1 14-цилиндровые BMW 801D с системой форсирования GM 1. Двигатели, экипаж, оборонительные стрелковые установки планировалось прикрыть 1000 кг брони. Предусматривалась установка оборонительного вооружения, фотооборудования, оборудование отсека для радиобуев, осветительных бомб и т.п. Me 264 V2 было решено закончить без оборонительного вооружения и оборудования — их планировалось поставить на Me 264 V3, который рассматривался прототипом для серии Ме 264А. В конце 1943 г Me 264 V2 был готов для наземных испытаний, когда его разбомбила союзная авиация.

Работа над Me 264V3 продолжалась. Он, как и V2, получил удлиненные законцовки крыла, увеличившие размах крыла с 39 до 43 м. Оборонительное вооружение состояло из передней и задней верхних башен с 13-мм пулеметом MG 131 в первой и 20-мм пушкой MG 151 во второй. Один MG 131 был в носовом остеклении, два таких пулемета в боковых установках, а в уступе в нижней части — 20-мм MG 151. Экипаж состоял из восьми человек. В конце бомбоотсека монтировались три автоматические камеры Rb 50/30. В отсек можно было подвесить до 2000 кг бомб. Для взлета с перегрузкой планировалось использовать дополнительные, сбрасываемые колеса на основных стойках шасси и стартовые ракетные ускорители — шесть тягой по 1000 кг.

Читайте так же:
Варежку по составу разобрать

Проводились проработки и по другим вариантам самолета, с четырьмя Jumo 213, четырьмя BMW 801E или G, плюс двумя турбореактивными Jumo 004, четыремя BMW 801TG и двумя турбореактивными BMW 018, а на БМВ был даже просчитан вариант с двумя турбовальными BMW 028. Другим вариантом являлся Me-264/6m с шестью двигателями DB 603. Рабочее обозначение его было Р.1075, но В.Мессершмитт добивался присвоения самолету серийного индекса Me-364. Hо ситуация в начале 1944 г с поставками стратегического сырья не позволила надеяться на запуск Me 264 в серийное производство. Программа была завершена еще до окончания Me 264 V3.

Первое сообщение о существовании Me 264 всплыло в июле 1944 г, когда какая-то неизвестная немецкая радиостанция, сообщила, что Ме 264 был подготовлен на случай победы мятежных генералов, чтобы доставить Гитлера в Японию. Это вполне могло быть, но с окончанием программы Ме 264 единственный опытный самолет был передан на "Озермашинен Г.м.б.Х." для испытания на нем в полете паровой турбины. Паровая турбина должна была развивать мощность 6000 л.с. при 6000 оборотах в минуту и приводить 5,3-м винт с частотой вращения 400-500 оборотов или 2-м винт при 6000 оборотах. Двигатель должен был работать на смеси угля и бензина (65% угольной пыли и 35% бензина). Me 264 V1 разбомбили еще до начала летных испытаний двигателя.

Messerschmitt Me 264

The Messerschmitt Me 264 was a long-range strategic bomber developed during World War II for the German Luftwaffe as its main strategic bomber. The design was later selected as Messerschmitt’s competitor in the Reichsluftfahrtministerium ' s (the German Air Ministry) Amerikabomber programme, for a strategic bomber capable of attacking New York City from bases in France or the Azores.

Three prototypes were built but production was abandoned to allow Messerschmitt to concentrate on fighter production and the Junkers Ju 390 was selected in its place. Development continued as a maritime reconnaissance aircraft instead.

Contents

Development [ edit ]

The origin of the Me 264 design came from Messerschmitt’s long-range reconnaissance aircraft project, the P.1061, of the late 1930s. A variant on the P.1061 was the P.1062 of which three prototypes were built, with only two «engines» to the P.1061’s four, but they were, in fact, the more powerful Daimler-Benz DB 606 «power systems», each comprising a pair of DB 601 inverted V-12 engines. These were also successfully used in the long-range Messerschmitt Me 261, itself originating as the Messerschmitt P.1064 design of 1937. The DB 606’s later use in the Heinkel He 177A’s airframe design resulted in derision by Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring as «welded-together engines» in August 1942, due to badly designed engine installations. In early 1941, six P.1061 prototypes were ordered from Messerschmitt, under the designation Me 264. This was later reduced to three prototypes.

The progress of these projects was initially slow, but after Germany had declared war on the United States four days after the Pearl Harbor attack by Imperial Japan, the Reichsluftfahrtministerium (RLM) started the more serious Amerikabomber programme in the spring of 1942 for a very long range bomber, with the result that a larger, six-engine aircraft with a greater bomb load was called for. Proposals were put forward for the Junkers Ju 390, the Focke-Wulf Ta 400, a redesign of the unfinalized and unbuilt Heinkel He 277 design (itself only receiving its RLM airframe number by the February 1943 timeframe in order to give Heinkel an entry in the Amerikabomber program later in 1943), and a design study for an extended-wingspan six-engine Messerschmitt Me 264B. The need for six engines was prompted by the ongoing inability of Germany’s aviation powerplant designers to create combat-reliable powerplants of 1,500 kW (2,000 PS) and above power output levels, thwarting efforts to do the same with just four engines instead. As the similarly six-engined Junkers Ju 390 could use components already in use for the Ju 290 this design was chosen. The Me 264 was not abandoned, however, as the Kriegsmarine (German navy) separately demanded a long-range maritime patrol and attack aircraft to replace the converted Fw 200 Condor in this role. [2] This was reinforced by an opinion given by then-Generalmajor Eccard Freiherr von Gablenz of the Wehrmacht Heer (German Army) in May 1942, who had been recruited by Generalfeldmarschall Erhard Milch to give his opinion on the suitability of the Me 264 for the Amerikabomber mission; von Gablenz echoed the Kriegsmarine’s later opinion. [3] As a result, the two pending prototypes were ordered to be completed as development prototypes for the Me 264A ultra long-range reconnaissance aircraft. [4]

Читайте так же:
Порвала джинсы как исправить

Design [ edit ]

The Me 264 was an all-metal, high-wing, four-engine heavy bomber of classic construction. The fuselage was round in cross-section and had a cabin in a glazed nose, comprising a «stepless cockpit» with no separate windscreen section for the pilots, which was common for most later German bomber designs. A strikingly similar design was used for the B-29, of slightly earlier origin. The wing had a slightly swept leading edge and a straight trailing edge. The empennage had double tail fins. The undercarriage was a retractable tricycle gear with large-diameter wheels on the wing-mounted main gear.

The planned armament consisted of guns in remotely operated turrets and in positions on the sides of the fuselage. Overall, it carried very little armour and few guns as a means of increasing fuel capacity and range. The Me 264’s first prototype was originally fitted with four Junkers Jumo 211 inverted V12 engines using the then-new Kraftei (or «power-egg») unitized powerplant installation as standardized for the earlier Ju 88A Schnellbomber, but inadequate power from the Jumo 211 engines led to their replacement on the Me 264 V1 first prototype with four similarly unitized 1,700 PS (1,250 kW) BMW 801G engines. In order to provide comfort on the proposed long-range missions, the Me 264 featured bunk beds and a small galley complete with hot plates.

Operational history [ edit ]

The first prototype, the Me 264 V1, bearing the Stammkennzeichen factory code of RE+EN, was flown on 23 December 1942. It was powered at first by four Jumo 211J inline engines of 990 kW (1,340 hp) each. In late 1943, these were changed to the BMW 801G radials which delivered 1,290 kW (1,750 hp). Trials showed numerous minor faults and handling was found to be difficult. One of the drawbacks was the very high wing loading of the Me 264 in fully loaded conditions at some 356 kg/m 2 (73 lb/sq ft). Comparable aircraft, such as the Boeing B-29 Superfortress with a wing loading of 337 kg/m 2 (69 lb/sq ft), the redesigned He 277 at 334.6 kg/m 2 (68.5 lb/sq ft) and the Ju 390 at 209 kg/m 2 (43 lb/sq ft) had lower wing loadings. The relatively high wing loading caused poor climb performance, loss of manoeuvrability, stability and high take-off and landing speeds. The first prototype was not fitted with weapons or armour but the following two prototypes, the Me 264 V2 and V3 had armour for the engines, crew and gun positions. The Me 264 V2 was built without defensive armament and vital equipment and the Me 264 V3 was to be armed and have the same armour.

In 1943, the Kriegsmarine withdrew their interest in the Me 264 in favour of the Ju 290 and the planned Ju 390. The Luftwaffe indicated preference for the unbuilt Ta 400 and the Heinkel He 277 as Amerikabomber candidates in May 1943, based on their performance estimates. Further payments for development work to Messerschmitt AG for its design were stopped. [5] Late in 1943, the second prototype, Me 264 V2, was destroyed in a bombing attack. [4] [6] On 18 July 1944, the first prototype, which had entered service with Transportstaffel 5, was damaged during an Allied bombing raid and was not repaired. The third prototype, which was unfinished, was destroyed during the same raid. In October 1943, Erhard Milch stopped further Me 264 development, to concentrate on the development and production of the Me 262 jet fighter-bomber.

Following the cancellation of the competing He 277 in April 1944, on 23 September 1944, work on the Me 264 project was officially cancelled. Messerschmitt proposed a six-engine version of the Me 264, the Me 264/6m (or alternately Me 364), but it was never built. [7]

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika Bomber

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika Bomber — Opis i dane produktu

  • 80
  • Miękka
  • 2016
  • Osprey Publishing Ltd

Produkty rekomendowane

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika Bomber — Opinie

Napisz opinie i pomóż innym w dokonaniu wyboru. Docenimy Twój wkład punktami lojalnościowymi.

Produkty rekomendowane

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika Bomber — Pytania i odpowiedzi

Produkty rekomendowane

Najlepsze oferty wybrane przez Ceneo ?

  • Opinie o enbook.pl
  • Zobacz ofertę
  • O ofercie
  • Zgłoś uwagi
  • Literatura obcojęzyczna od enbook.pl
Читайте так же:
Что делать чтобы джинсы не протирались между ног
Warianty tego produktu

Jak wybieramy oferty?

Aby ułatwić wybór odpowiedniej oferty, wyróżniliśmy produkty z najlepszych sklepów, które:

  • są bardzo dobrze oceniane przez użytkowników
  • informują o dostępności towarów
  • mają konkurencyjne ceny

Sklepy, które spełniają wszystkie powyższe kryteria mogą również decydować o miejscu, na którym znajdzie się ich oferta w ramach strefy. Decyduje o tym mechanizm licytacji.

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika Bomber — Pozostałe oferty

  • Opinie o libristo.pl
  • Zobacz ofertę
  • O ofercie
  • Zgłoś uwagi
  • Literatura obcojęzyczna od libristo.pl
Warianty tego produktu

Reklama ?

WIRED TO CREATE

WIRED TO CREATE

Museum of Innocence

Museum of Innocence

Little Learning Library(Box)

Little Learning Library(Box)

Now It's Clear the Career You Own (Horan Ed D. Jane)

Now It's Clear the Career You Own (Horan Ed D. Jane)

Exegesis and Spiritual Pedagogy in Maximus the Confessor - Blowers Paul M.

Exegesis and Spiritual Pedagogy in Maximus the Confessor — Blowers Paul M.

Produkty rekomendowane

  • Ceneo na Facebooku
  • Ceneo na Pinterest
  • Ceneo na Twitterze
  • Ceneo na Instagramie
  • Ceneo na LinkedIn
  • Ceneo na YouTube
Drogi Użytkowniku,

Wyrażenie zgody jest dobrowolne. Wycofanie zgody nie zabrania serwisowi Ceneo.pl przetwarzania dotychczas zebranych danych.

Wyrażając zgodę, otrzymasz reklamy produktów, które są dopasowane do Twoich potrzeb. Sprawdź Zaufanych Partnerów Ceneo.pl. Pamiętaj, że oni również mogą korzystać ze swoich zaufanych podwykonawców.

Informujemy także, że korzystając z serwisu Ceneo.pl, wyrażasz zgodę na przechowywanie w Twoim urządzeniu plików cookies lub stosowanie innych podobnych technologii oraz na wykorzystywanie ich do dopasowywania treści marketingowych i reklam, o ile pozwala na to konfiguracja Twojej przeglądarki. Jeżeli nie zmienisz ustawień Twojej przeglądarki, cookies będą zapisywane w pamięci Twojego urządzenia. Więcej w Polityce Plików Cookies.

Więcej o przetwarzaniu danych osobowych przez Ceneo.pl, w tym o przysługujących Ci uprawnieniach, znajdziesz tutaj.

Więcej o plikach cookies, w tym o sposobie wycofania zgody, znajdziesz tutaj.

Pamiętaj, że klikając przycisk „Nie zgadzam się” nie zmniejszasz liczby wyświetlanych reklam, oznacza to tylko, że ich zawartość nie będzie dostosowana do Twoich zainteresowań.

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika bomber, its objective: being able to strike continental USA, 1942

Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika bomber, 1942.

The Me 264 was designed from the beginning as part of the “Amerika Bomber” project. Its goal was to be able to carry a small load to the United States but also to support U-boat operations far into the Atlantic.

The Amerika Bomber was a project to obtain a long-range strategic bomber for the Luftwaffe that would be capable of striking the contiguous United States from Germany, a distance of about 5,800 km (3,600 mi).

The concept was raised as early as 1938, but advanced, cogent plans for such a long-range strategic bomber design did not begin to appear in Hermann Goering’s offices until the spring of 1942. The strategic bomber would be capable of attacking New York City from bases in France or the Azores.

The first ME 264 prototype flew in December 1942, but soon allied pressure forced Messerschmitt to slow development. The Me 264 V1 had a very “clean”, all-metal fuselage with a circular cross-section throughout.

Just behind the extensively glazed nose and the cockpit was a galley, crew rest area, and walkway to the rear of the plane above the lower, enclosed bomb bay. The wings were shoulder-mounted, slightly swept back, and tapered.

They contained a single main spar and one auxiliary spar, with the wing loads being transferred through the main spar and two auxiliary bulkheads into the fuselage. The entire fuel supply was stored in the large wings.

All control surfaces were conventional, including split flaps on the inner wing. The tailplane, with its twin fins and rudders, was electrically adjustable during flight.

Me 264 V1 undergoing flight-testing.

Me 264 V1 undergoing flight-testing.

The design was later selected as Messerschmitt

The design was later selected as Messerschmitt’s competitor in the Reichsluftfahrtministerium’s (the German Air Ministry) “Amerika Bomber” programme, which intended to develop a strategic bomber capable of attacking New York City.

In total 3 prototypes were built. This first prototype was not fitted with weapons or armor, but of the following two prototypes, the Me 264 V2 had armor for the engines, crew, and gun positions.

Late in 1943, the second prototype, Me 264 V2, was destroyed in a bombing attack. On 18 July 1944, the first prototype, which had entered service with Transportstaffel 5, was damaged during an Allied bombing raid and was not repaired. The third prototype, which had not been fully completed, was destroyed during the same raid.

Me-264 – Cruise speed: 217 mph (350 km/h), Service ceiling: 26,000 ft (8,000 m), Range: 9,500 mi (15,000 km), 3,000 kg (6,614 lb) bombload in internal bomb bay, Max takeoff weight: 123,000 lb (56,000 kg).

Читайте так же:
Кросс боди как правильно писать

Messerschmitt Me 264 (Amerika Bomber)

Authored By: Dan Alex | Last Edited: 04/03/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Messerschmitt Me 264 was intended as a long-range aircraft and reconnaissance platform that was to supply the German Luftwaffe with a bomber capable of hitting targets within America as well as support Kriegsmarine U-boat operations in the Atlantic. However, an underperforming prototype and subsequent construction delays soon pushed the Me 264 into the background as German authorities moved their focus to more promising projects. Development of the Me 264 spanned some eight years, culminating in only three prototypes — only one of which was able to achieve flight (this being the Me 264 V1). Design of this interesting aircraft was credited to Wolfgang Degel, Paul Konrad and Waldemar Voigt of Messerschmitt.

Successful long-range, multi-engine bombers with ideal payloads were hard to come by for the German Luftwaffe during World War 2. Much of their production efforts had always been placed into their fighter lines and this became evermore important as the war turned into a defensive fight for the Vaterland. As such, development of a heavy-hitter comparable to the what the Allies were fielding in their Avro Lancasters and Consolidated B-24 Liberators proved quite elusive to the most powerful military in the world. The most competent of the German crop became the multi-role Focke-Wulf Fw 200 «Condor» — a large four-engine design achieving first flight in 1937 and only seeing production totals of 275 aircraft. Another front-runner of note was the Heinkel He 111, but this was a 1930’s-era twin-engine medium bomber with limited range and equally-limited ordnance-carrying capabilities. Comparatively, the He 111 was produced in over 6,500 examples.

The Fw 200 Condor was assigned to work alongside the Kriegsmarine, becoming active across the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean as Germany’s territory expanded. The Fw 200 proved a vital component in disrupting the Allied shipping lanes during the «Battle of the Atlantic» to the point that Winston Churchill himself tagged the German aircraft as the «Scourge of the Atlantic». However, the limited numbers of the Condors would soon restrict their direct combat activities as the war began progressing in favor of the Allies. By the end of 1943, the aircraft was relegated almost exclusively to the transport role. The Allied invasion of France further removed the Condor from any type of maritime operations. In the reconnaissance role, the Fw 200 was ultimately replaced by the newer Junkers Ju 290, this coming late in the war.

Development

Development of a long-range reconnaissance platform began in 1937. The German declaration of war against the United States began to advance the project. Hitler envisioned hitting targets within America from territories under German (and Japanese) control. In effect, Hitler wanted «harassing» actions against the country in an effort to disrupt production and instill fear into the American populace. At the same time, the German Navy was also looking for a long-range aircraft for use in maritime reconnaissance and bombing. Messerschmitt developed their P.1061 model and, by 1941, the type was ordered in six prototype forms (later reduced to three) as the Me 264. The prototypes were committed to this endeavor in three developmental forms as the Me 264 V1, Me 264 V2 and the Me 264 V3.

After a protracted construction period, the Me 264 V1 achieved first flight on December 23rd, 1942, with 4 x Jumo 211J series liquid-cooled inline piston engines of 1,340 horsepower each and was built sans armor or weapons. By the end of 1943, the powerplants were replaced by 4 x BMW 801G radial piston engines of 1,750 horsepower each. It was hoped that the V1 would be ready for flight testing as early as October 10th 1942, but this proved optimistic to say the least. In-flight testing revealed some inherent faults in the design with the major factor being high wing loading — this itself leading to a host of handling and performance issues. Wing loading essentially represented the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of its wings. A fully-loaded Me 264 was soon found to exhibit a poor rate-of-climb and equally degraded maneuverability — this before armor and weaponry were even added to the mix. Performance from the BMW 801 series (G or H) radial engines netted the Me 264 a top speed of 350 miles per hour with an impressive range of 9,500 miles. The service ceiling was a reported 26,000 feet with a rate-of-climb equaling 390 feet per minute.

Читайте так же:
Памятка по уходу за чистошерстяным трикотажным

The Me 264 V2 was constructed with armor in place though sans its defensive guns but was not fully completed. The Me 264 V3 was given its guns and full armor (this one too never fully completed) but by this time, German interest in the project had waned. The Me 264 faced a slew of material delays and underperformed in tests despite claims made by the people at Messerschmitt. The German Navy (and the RLM for that matter) instead decided to focus their attentions on using the Junkers Ju 290 in the preferred roles and wait on its intended long-range, six-engine cousin — the Ju 390 — to achieve operational status. The official call for cancellation involving the fruitless Me 264 program came to an end in Reichsmarschall Technical Order Nr. 2. The Me 264 program was closed down officially on September 23rd, 1944.

Proposed Developments

The Me 264 V4 would have been fitted with BMW 801 E turbocharged engines and a GM-1 boost system. Other visions saw the Me 264 in an armed transport role, fitted with a remote-controlled turret. Still other developments could have been powered by jet engines and turboprops or fitted with drop tanks or a bevy of reconnaissance cameras. An armed, long-distance reconnaissance platform was designated as the Me 264A while a long-range bomber variant was to take on the designation of Me 264B.

The external appearance of the Me 264 was not unlike that of the upcoming American-produced Boeing B-29 Superfortress. The aircraft sported a torpedo-like, all-metal, tubular fuselage with a streamlined and heavily-glazed forward area housing the cockpit. The fuselage quickly tapered off into an empennage and topped by a «T» style tail assembly sporting a pair of rounded vertical tail fins (ala the B-24 Liberator). The main, large-span wings were high-mounted assemblies extending out just aft of the cockpit and ahead of the fuselage center. Each wing housed two radial piston engines in streamlined nacelles emanating from the wing leading edges. The wing leading edges themselves were swept while the trailing edges were straight. The undercarriage was fully retractable and made up of single-wheeled («donut» style) main landing gear legs and a single-wheeled nose landing gear leg. The main landing gears recessed into underwing wells while the nose landing gear recessed rearwards under the cockpit floor. The nose gear was further complicated by rotating some 90 degrees to lie flat underneath the cockpit floor.

Defensive armament was to have been comprised of 4 x 13mm MG 131 machine guns complimented by a pair of 20mm MG 151/20 cannons in remote-controlled turrets (ala the B-29 Superfortress). The offensive internal bomb load was limited to 6,614lbs.

The End of the Line

Junkers eventually won out in the long run with their large Ju 390 — a design that could take advantage of the existing Ju 290 parts already in circulation and production. In all, only the three Me 264 airframes were produced, with the V1 only ever achieving flight and this eventually being fielded in a limited role with Transportstaffel 5. Under German orders, Messerschmitt’s focus then turned on developing their Me 262 twin-engine, jet-powered fighter. Hitler’s dream of harassing the American East Coast was dead.

While the V2 and V3 prototypes were destroyed in subsequent Allied bombing raids, the V1 forged on until suffering a direct hit in another Allied air raid. The V1 was not repaired, however, and therefore left out of operational service for the duration of the war.

Miscellaneous

Some reports based on the interrogation of a German POW based at Lechfeld in 1943 revealed that a Sonderkommando Nebel Me 264 flew a regular route from somewhere in Finland to locations in Japan. This is of particular note for it showcases the range inherent in the Me 264 design as well as possible future German plans to field the Me 264 in the Pacific Theater against the Australian mainland and regionally-located American and British forces.

голоса
Рейтинг статьи
Ссылка на основную публикацию
Adblock
detector